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RESEARCH PROJECTS ONGOING


NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY (NFHS) WITH IIHMR JAIPUR

Team: BS Singh, Dr. Pradeep Panda, Sumant Swain and Sukesh Bhardwaj

National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4 is being conducted under the stewardship of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India, with the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) Mumbai as the nodal agency, and technical assistance provided by United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through ICF Macro. The NFHS will provide updates and evidence of trends in key health and nutrition indicators including HIV prevalence. The survey will cover a range of health issues including fertility, infant and child mortality; maternal and child health; high risk sexual behaviour; tuberculosis and malaria; non-communicable diseases; domestic violence; HIV, etc. The Clinical, Anthropometric and Biochemical (CAB) tests in NFHS-4 aim to produce district level estimates for nutritional status and estimates of certain health indicators among eligible members of households. The CAB tests include height, weight, blood pressure, haemoglobin, blood sugar, and HIV test. IIHMR is the designated field agency to implement NFHS - 4 for three states - Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan in Phase-II. The IIHMR society through the campuses in Delhi, Jaipur, and Kolkata is implementing the activities. The core NFHS state team, consisting of Project Coordinator, Demographer, Health Coordinator and IT Consultant attended a one month training of trainers programme conducted by IIPS. The field offices are established in the states of Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan. The field investigation teams are recruited and mapping & listing exercise is completed. Data collection is going on in these three states.  


CLIMATE CHANGE AND MALARIA IN SUB-HIMALAYAN REGION AND CENTRAL INDIA

Team: Vinay Tripathi, Rais Akthar, Preetha GS, Nemika Relhan, Sumant Swain, Gaurav Shrivastava, Asghar Abbas

Climate predicts to a large degree, the natural distribution of malaria based on three main climate factors, i.e., temperature, precipitation and relative humidity. The three-year long project aims to compare the dynamics of climate change and malaria in two distinct physical, epidemiological and socio-cultural environments in India. Two districts in Sub-Himalayan region and two in Central India have been selected for the study purpose. The research work is expected to provide a way forward for studying the impacts of climate change on health with regard to intricate interplay of climatologically, epidemiological and socio-economic factors affecting malaria transmission in India. The data collection in Madhya Pradesh and Jammu has been completed. Currently, data analysis is going on. 


STUDY TO REVIEW MIS OF SOCIAL PROTECTION SCHEMES

Team: Anandhi Ramachandran, B.S. Singh, Dhanajay Srivastava, Veena Sarkar Nair,   Sumant Swain

Save the Children - Nokia Resilience Program “Using Connectivity to Build Resilience of Children and their Communities in India”  are focused on building  resilience (i.e. “ability to face stress and shock in a sustainable manner”) of vulnerable children, their families and communities. They propose to use an integrated approach using Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Social protection framework (SPF) using Information Communication Technology.  Based on this IIHMR Delhi has been allotted the project to study and review the Management of Information Systems (MIS) related to social protection schemes in India and Abroad. Currently the project is in the first phase of implementation where literature survey is being carried out for development of tools. The purpose is to improve access to government social protection through mapping of vulnerable children & MIS of schemes. The proposed study will be a review of successful MIS systems used in social protection programmes in India to develop an understanding of such MIS and based on the  lessons learned develop a framework for a social protection related MIS. Additionally, the study will look to comprehensively understand the gaps in the program in relation to flow of data in MIS, bring forth successes and shortcomings in its processes and outcomes that will provide pointers towards sustainability beyond the project lifetime. The methodology adopted is a detailed literature survey using PRISMA tool, quantitative and qualitative data collection methods. The allocation of the project was delayed by more than 1.5 months from the funder side.  Currently all the field work has been completed and the project is in the final state of report writing.


GEOSPATIAL MAPPING OF DIABETES, CVD AND CANCER RISK HOTSPOTS AND STUDY OF RISK ASSESSMENT

Team: LP Singh, Anandhi Ramachandran, Iyyanki Myralikrish (National coordinator for the project)

The current project is aimed at exploring the possibility of using GIS to map the risk factors for diabetes, CVD and cancers by utilizing   individual level behavioral and socio-economic factors, environmental factors, geographic locations etc based on household survey. Other external factors like availability of free green spaces for exercise, health centers for provision of pre-health preventive check up and presence of fast food places that influences individual’s eating habits, will also be taken into consideration. The study attempts to maps these factors to the individual risk factors that will help in designing better interventions to address NCDs. It is expected that it would be possible to develop location based mapping of risk factors that would help the policy makers to develop interventions specific to the area and detection of hotspots would provide location specific information that can be customized for carrying out health promotion activities that can be used as a pilot for large scale adaptation in the neighboring areas.  The study is proposed to be conducted in one district each from the two states of Delhi and Haryana.   Location  Data (Households of the respondents, streets, health centres, green spaces, fast food places nearby (for generation of GIS maps), Qualitative   (For identifying cases, occurrence of risk factors, knowledge & awareness) , Quantitative: (For  demographic data, behavioral, socio economical, cultural, environmental risk factors), Anthropometric measurements , biochemical Measurement  (For identifying of risk factors ) will be collected  during the second phase of the project. Currently the project is in the first phase of implementation where literature survey is being carried out for development of tools.

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